Sunday, April 4, 2010


Psychologist Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi has studied highly creative people who are passionate about their work or hobby but are not rewarded or motivated by money or fame.

He has attributed their passion to a concept called optimal experience or flow, which he has also broken down into nine elements:

1. There are clear goals every step of the way.

2. There is immediate feedback to one’s actions.

3. There is a balance between challenges and skills.

4. Action and awareness are merged.

5. Distractions are excluded from consciousness.

6. There is no worry of failure.

7. Self-consciousness disappears.

8. The sense of time becomes distorted.

9. The activity becomes autotelic [the meaning of the activity is within itself].

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